Ethiopia is the face of the world food crises

Children at Risk in Ethiopia’s Unfolding Food Crisis

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Ethiopia is the face of the world food crises
Ethiopia is once again in the spotlight for being the face of the world food crises. According to the European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO), Food insecurity in the country is widespread and rates of acute malnutrition are growing now above the international thresholds that define an emergency.

By ChildFund Australia,

At least 4.5 million people in drought-stricken Ethiopia are in need of emergency food assistance as the country deals with an escalating food crisis, ChildFund Australia reported today.

Food security in the Horn of Africa is deteriorating at an alarming rate, with the situation in Ethiopia particularly concerning. Two consecutive seasons of poor rains have seen crops fail, reduced livestock production and massive numbers of livestock deaths.

The situation is expected to worsen over the next six months, with the ongoing El Niño event threatening to keep the country dry well into 2016.

ChildFund is particularly concerned about the increased number of severely malnourished children being admitted to therapeutic feeding programme (TFP) centres. Between January and June 2015, 139,783 severely malnourished children were admitted in TFP sites across the country mainly in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, South Nation Nationality People (SNNP), Somali and Tigray regions[1].

In the SNNP and Oromia regions, where ChildFund works, staff report the drought has affected more than 211,000 people across ChildFund’s program areas, including more than 74,000 children.

ChildFund is working with the Ethiopian government and local partner organisations to respond to this unfolding emergency. As an immediate life-saving step, ChildFund will deliver emergency food rations and supplementary food to affected households, with a particular focus on malnourished children and pregnant and breastfeeding mothers. Efforts are also under way in pastoralist areas to provide support for animal health, feeding and water.

USD$3.5 million (AUD $5m) is urgently needed to provide a three-month supply of emergency food rations for children and families in ChildFund’s program areas, covering the purchase of grain, pulses and oil, as well as transport costs. A donation of $66 can feed a family of four for three months.

ChildFund Australia CEO Nigel Spence says: “Our immediate goals are to keep child mortality in check, help children stay in school and reduce the challenges of food insecurity among critically affected households in Ethiopia. ChildFund will also invest in its ongoing programs in early childhood development, education, health, water and sanitation, child protection and economic strengthening so that the fragile developmental gains those areas have achieved are not lost.”

Temesgen’s Story

Seven-year-old Temesgen’s family is feeling the shortage acutely. His mother Belaynesh, a day labourer, says life is extremely harsh at this time. Usually, the family cultivates vegetables and false banana for their daily needs but this year, due to the drought, they were unable to plant crops and are now struggling to purchase the food they need, exacerbated by the increase in food prices and decline in household incomes.

“We eat only once a day – roasted chickpeas with coffee in the morning or baked false banana once a day – because we don’t have enough money to meet our family’s needs,” says Belaynesh.

She worries about her children, especially her five-year-old daughter, who is in treatment for severe acute malnutrition, receiving care hopefully early enough to prevent some of the more concerning developmental delays that malnutrition can cause, such as stunting.

Temesgen is still in school and has support for his educational needs, but when he doesn’t have enough to eat, it is difficult to learn.

Says Temesgen: “I will be very happy if I get enough food to eat and a ball to play with.”

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[1] Government of Ethiopia and Humanitarian Partners, ‘Humanitarian Requirements Mid-Year Review 2015’, (August 2015), p12.