The Events of Ethiopia and Eritrea in June 1991

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By C-Span,

The subcommittee heard testimony on the continuing political upheavals in Ethiopia, and the U.S. policy towards the civil strife and famine in the war-torn country. Witnesses testified on the recently completed peace talks between opponents in Ethiopia, which negotiated a transitional government to take control of the country beginning July 1.

The previous leader, President Mengistu Haile Mariam, fled Ethiopia on May 21, leaving the country in control of two groups; the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front controls the nation’s capital, Addis Ababa, while the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front controls Eritrea, an Ethiopian province which has fought for independence for 30 years. A planned referendum on the independence of Eritrea is being delayed for at least one year to insure the stability of Ethiopia. Parts of Eritrea have not experienced rain in over two years, leaving the region’s agriculture in ruins and the population dying of starvation.

Present were:

Aseffa Abreha
Institute for African Alternatives

Herman J. Cohen
Assistant Secretary
Department of State-African Affairs

Yonas Deressa
Ethiopian Refugees Educ. and Relief Found.

Berhe Habte Giorgis
Glasborough State College

Goshu Wolde
U.S. Institute of Peace

Mesfin Wolde-Mariam
University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia